Imaging of Electrons Moving around at 80,000m per Second in Semiconductor
Postdoctoral fellow Keiki Fukumoto, together with researcher Ken Onda and Professor Shinya Koshihara, all of the Graduate School of Science and Engineering at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, succeeded in direct observation and video imaging of electron flow at 80,000m per second in a semiconductor.
They did so by combining a new laser pulse light source and a photoemission electron microscope (PEEM) to develop an ultra high-speed microscope that enabled visualization of electrons on a 20 nanometer (nm, 1nm is 1/100,000,000m) and 200 femtosecond (fs, 1fs is 1/1,000,000,000,000,000s) scale. The results were published in the online bulletin of Applied Physics Letters.
Semiconductors are widely used in PCs, mobile phones and solar batteries, and have become indispensable, but there had been no method to view the movement of the carriers (electrons) that controlled their behavioral functions.
With the advance of the nano-sizing of semiconductor elements, attention is on the development of elements (transistors, solar batteries, LEDs, quantum computers) that use the resulting quantum size effect. Devices able to visually assess that electrical conductivity are expected to have a major impact on future semiconductor element development.
Keiki Fukumoto, Yuki Yamada, Ken Onda and Shin-ya Koshihara: Direct imaging of electron recombination and transport on a semiconductor surface by femtosecond time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy, Appl Phys Lett 104, 053117 (2014)