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Quantitative Electrical Nanometrology
Nov. 09, 2009

Quantitative Electrical Nanometrology

In this paper state of the art electrical nanometrology techniques are reviewed with the focus on semiconducting materials. The basics of scanning capacitance microscopy, scanning spreading resistance microscopy, scanning microwave microscopy, and Kelvin probe force microscopy, and their applicability on various material systems are discussed. Quantitative Kelvin probe force microscopy measurements on semiconductors, namely on a conventional dynamic random-access memory cell and on a cross-sectionally prepared Si epilayer structure, are presented. more
Fluorapatite-Gelatine Nanocomposites
Nov. 04, 2009

Fluorapatite-Gelatine Nanocomposites

Fluorapatite-gelatine nanocomposites serve as model system for mineralization steps of teeth and bone. The biomimetic composites show a hierarchical structural shape development starting from a hexagonal prismatic seed via dumbbell states and ending up with slightly notched spheres. This complex morphogenesis is caused by protein fibrils which are integrated into the nanocomposite superstructure. As evidenced by electron holography an intrinsic electric dipole field is generated by parallel alignment of nanocomposite subunits. more
HAADF and EELS Study of ULK Dielectrics
Nov. 04, 2009

HAADF and EELS Study of ULK Dielectrics

The ITRS requires the integration of dielectric materials with effective dielectric constant (k) lower than 2.8. This is achieved using porous SiOCH. Unfortunately during integration in the devices, damages are introduced in the low-k layer by CMP. The impact of these damages on the microstructure and the electronic properties are studied using HAADF imaging and Valence Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in TEM environment. Results are compared to low-k capped with an etch stop layer.
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Fuel Cell Testing
Nov. 04, 2009

Fuel Cell Testing

Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future energy supply, especially polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells could become an integral part in future cars. Reduction of degradation of fuel cell performance while keeping fuel cell cost under control is the key for an introduction into mass markets.
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Catching Enzymes in the Act
Nov. 04, 2009

Catching Enzymes in the Act

Proteins that copy and edit DNA help protect cells from attack by removing viral DNA insertions. They are thought to reach their target sequence by "sliding", "hopping" and "jumping" along DNA strands. Observing this behavior has proved hard, however, due to its speed of action. We discuss a recent research project that used a high-speed camera to observe - for the first time - the sliding and jumping of EcoRV, a restriction enzyme, along DNA molecules.
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Towards High-density Non-volatile Solid State Memories
Nov. 04, 2009

Towards High-density Non-volatile Solid State Memories

We want the electronic gadgets of tomorrow to be smaller and lighter, but also faster and more powerful: Whether MP3 players, camera mobile phones, navigation systems or notebooks, all have to be compact but also able to store increasingly large amounts of music, images, films or maps, and process them quickly. more
Developing MALDI Imaging Technology for Cancer Profile
Nov. 04, 2009

Developing MALDI Imaging Technology for Cancer Profile

Normal and diseased tissues are complex mixtures of different cell populations. A better understanding of protein expression changes that occur during 
diseases needs sensitive and specific technologies for each of these cell types. Mass spectrometry based tissue imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a newly developed technique, allowing the visualization of proteins, peptides, lipids and small molecules directly on thin sections cut from fresh frozen or fixed paraffin embedded tissues. more
Clinical Electron Microscopy
Nov. 04, 2009

Clinical Electron Microscopy

The high resolution and sensitivity of electron microscopy is a valuable ancillary tool or gold standard in pathological diagnosis. The conventional sample turnaround time for processing in the lab can be significantly reduced from days to hours by the microwave technology. Microwave-assisted tissue processing, in combination with digital image acquisition, enables a "same-day" diagnosis in urgent clinical cases. Ultrastructural telepathology allows instant and live second opinion retrieval from a remote expert worldwide.

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