Oct. 11, 2011
Great progress in the filtration performance of microfiltration membranes has been achieved in the past few years. As a consequence the structures of the respective membranes have become more and more intricate. New microscopic characterization methods are therefore necessary to reveal the membrane structure in full detail. The environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) has the potential for also studying microfiltration membranes in their wet state. The dynamics of the wetting and drying of the membrane surface can be imaged at sub-µm resolution.